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Bishop Patrick Matolengwe dies, aged 82

From left, Bishops Bethlehem Nopece, Ebenezer Ntlali and Patrick Matolengwe with former President Kgalema Motlanthe at a service celebrating Bishop Patrick’s ministry and 80th birthday. (Photo: Graaff-Reinet Advertiser)

The Right Revd Dr Patrick Monwabisi Matolengwe, a former Bishop Suffragan of Cape Town, a former Dean of Milwaukee in the United States, a former senior official of the SA Council of Churches, and an assistant bishop in a number of dioceses, has died in Johannesburg.

He died peacefully at the Helen Joseph Hospital, said a notice from the Provincial Executive Office at Bishopscourt.

“He died surrounded by his wife, Sapho, and children. The funeral will be held in his home town, Graaff-Reinet, at a date to be announced once family has finalized the arrangements,” the notice added.

Bishop Matolengwe was born in Graaff-Reinet, trained as a teacher at Lovedale and then turned to the ministry. He served in both rural and urban areas, notably at Nyanga in Cape Town.

His ministry in Cape Town coincided with the crises caused by the apartheid government when it tried to enforce the pass laws by repeatedly destroying people’s homes in informal settlements and forcibly removing the wives and children of migrant workers to the Eastern Cape.

He served as Bishop Suffragan of Cape Town in the time of Archbishops Philip Russell and Desmond Tutu, and in 1988 moved to Milwaukee in Wisconsin. There he was first appointed Dean of All Saints Cathedral and then Assisting Bishop in the diocese of Milwaukee.

He continued his theological studies in the United States, earning a Master’s degree in Theological Studies at Nashotah House seminary in 1992 and a Doctor of Ministry degree at the United Theological Seminary in Dayton, Ohio in 1996. Nashotah House also conferred on him the degree of Doctor of Divinity (honoris causa).

After returning home, he led the work of the South African Council of Churches in co-ordinating its work with that of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

After retiring he served in the Parish of St. Phillip’s, Graaff-Reinet, and as Assisting Bishop in the Diocese of Kimberley and Kuruman. Latterly, he has assisted at the parish of Christ the King in Sophiatown.

This report was updated after first publication with the detail of Bishop Matolengwe’s educational qualifications in the U.S., which were kindly supplied by his family.

Sermon, Liturgy & Youth resources for World Environment Day – June 5

Ahead of World Environment Day on June 5, Green Anglicans have released a special 6-page guide providing Sermon and Liturgical resources, and have also shared a new Manual on Care for Creation for Youth.

Find these resources here:

Archbishop Makhulu honoured for helping SA’s liberation

An archbishop who was brought up in Pimville, Soweto has received one of South Africa’s highest honours from President Cyril Ramaphosa.

No, it wasn’t Archbishop Thabo Makgoba, who grew up in Pimville after his family was forcibly removed from Alexandra north of Johannesburg in the 1970s. It was the retired Archbishop of Central Africa, the Most Revd Walter Khotso Makhulu, who lived much of his life in self-imposed exile, and who has been recognised for his contribution to the country’s liberation.

At a ceremony in Pretoria on Thursday, President Ramaphosa conferred on Archbishop Makhulu the “Order of the Companions of OR Tambo” at the annual ceremony during which national honours are conferred on distinguished individuals.

The citation lauded Makhulu “for his courageous contribution to the fight for liberation.” It continued: “He followed his calling and lived the ideals of lending a helping hand to his fellow human beings. He provided refuge, comfort and family to young activists arriving in exile to join the South African liberation struggle.”

After growing up in Pimville, he was one of the young ordinands trained by members of the Community of the Resurrection at St Peter’s Seminary in Johannesburg before the seminary was expelled from the city under apartheid laws.

After serving a parish in Soweto, he moved to Francistown, where in the early 1960s he gave refuge, food and clothing to young activists fleeing South Africa and Namibia, raising enough money to buy a house in which to accommodate them.

After further training at the Selly Oak Colleges in Birmingham, he served as a priest in London, where he met and married Rosemary, an English church worker. Prevented from living in South Africa by the Mixed Marriages Act, the Makhulus spent the rest of his ministry in the UK, in Geneva – where he was the secretary responsible for African refugees in the Commission on Inter-Church Aid Refugee and World Service at the World Council of Churches – and in Botswana, where he was Bishop of Botswana and later Archbishop of Central Africa.

In Botswana he continued his ministry to South African refugees at a time when apartheid military forces were launching raids into Botswana and attacking exiles and those who gave them support.

For more than a decade from 1980, he clandestinely funnelled hundreds of thousands of dollars from the Norwegian government and churches to institutions and individuals in South Africa with the objective of providing legal, educational, medical and other humanitarian assistance. For this work, the Norwegians called him – in a book on his work – “the Church’s Secret Agent”.

He is a past president of the World Council of Churches and the All Africa Conference of Churches, a Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George (CMG), and a recipient of France’s Ordre des Palmes Académiques as well as Botswana’s highest civilian honor, the Presidential Order of Honour.

He now lives in retirement in London.

Cape Town Diocese responds to Christchurch killings

The Diocese of Cape Town have declared their solidarity with those affected by the recent attacks on two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand.

In a statement, the Diocese’s Standing Committee also called for “an end to such wanton acts of violence and senseless killing of others, whatever their creed, colour or political persuasion.”

The full text of the statement follows:

The Diocesan Standing Committee ( DSC) of the Diocese of Cape Town met on Saturday the 23rd March 2019 at St Paul’s Church, Bree Street, Cape Town.

The gathering expressed its support of the act of solidarity held on the steps of The Cathedral of St George the Martyr on the evening of Sunday 17th March in memory of the victims of the recent mosque attacks in Christchurch, New Zealand.

The candlelight vigil was led by Bishop Garth Counsell, Dean Michael Weeder and Sheikh Sa-Abdullah Khan. The vigil, largely a silent one – interspersed with prayers from the Koran and soft chants of lament for the dead – lasted for 50 minutes. Each minute served as a reminder of each person who died during the attack on the Al Noor and the Linwood Mosques in Christchurch.

The meeting noted the significance of its deliberations happening within the context of the Bo-Kaap, a place characterised by a history of deep social and familial ties between Muslims and Christians. These bonds of affection are best expressed in respectful and reciprocal acts of compassion and embrace when the need to be comforted is most evident.

The meeting expressed the prayerful hope that those who were killed during this most holy season of Lent would know the peace of eternity and that their families would find comfort in the way many in the global community chose to respond, in love, to their plight.

The members of Standing Committee further pledged their ongoing support and prayers for all affected and called for an end to such wanton acts of violence and senseless killing of others, whatever their creed, colour or political persuasion.

After Mozambique & Christchurch – A Lenten reflection by N Barney Pityana

So if you think you are standing,
Watch out that you do not fall. – 1 Corinthians 10:12

In recent days or weeks there have been reports of catastrophic disasters that have caused the loss of life of 100s of innocent people. They range from the 40 people mowed down by automatic gunfire while worshipping in a mosque in the city of Christchurch, Aoteroa/New Zealand, a city dedicated to Jesus Christ and to the Church of God. The unsuspecting worshippers posed no threat to anyone. They were simply worshipping God as they have always known how to. The fact that it was in faraway New Zealand and not Pakistan or Yemen or even Syria, and for the ex-Capetonian, Ziyaad and his family who emigrated to New Zealand twelve years ago in search of a better life for his three daughters, it was a near-death experience. To the Australian, who was filled with hate and an avowed racist none of this mattered. 40 innocent people died that day. Pain and the anger were felt everywhere as tributes poured into New Zealand and a stunned nation, as the youthful Prime Minister, Ms Jacinda Arderne, led the nation in mourning. But miracles happen. Out of misfortune, a flood of compassion and nobility of spirit have been unleashed. The tragedy has brought Christians closer to the Muslim people in grief, and New Zealand has defiantly reaffirmed its commitment to provide sanctuary to refugees and asylum seekers regardless of race, religion, colour or creed.

On the early morning of Sunday 10 March 2019, ET302 bound for Nairobi crashed at Bishoftu, within minutes of take-off from Addis Ababa’s Bole International Airport killing all 157 passengers and crew on board. The plane was a Boeing 737 800Max, similar to the one that had shortly before crashed in Indonesia. What caused the plane to crash is yet to be determined but the manufacturer’s technical faults as well as human error cannot be ruled out. Among the passengers who perished were young pilots and beautiful crew members that only Ethiopian Airlines can boast of, many United Nations officials bound for Nairobi to attend a United Nations Conference that was to have opened that day, and other passengers that included an eminent academic from Ghana. Ethiopian Airlines is arguably Africa’s best airline, with a reputation for safety and efficiency and customer care. On that fateful Sunday it was not to be. The honour and reputation, let alone image of Ethiopia, was put to the test. It was a national disaster. The cream of Ethiopia and the pride of Africa may well have crashed with ET302 that fateful morning.

Last week, on March 15 and 16, a large swathe of southern East African countries principally Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi were struck by the Tropical Cyclone Idai. The cyclone hit with such force and devastation of wind and rain storms that it was a massive destructive force at times blowing at 194km/h, leveling all on its pathway causing death and destruction of monumental proportions. In its wake it left an inland ocean and waterways in the coastlands of Mozambique, muddy roads, broken bridges, broken homes, torrential rains followed making rescue efforts hazardous. Hospitals, schools and many public buildings and infrastructure that are destroyed render aid efforts calamitous.

There is fear that the devastation caused by Cyclone Idai will be followed by famine and even more deaths in the countries affected: disease from water-borne diseases, contaminated water systems from rotting human and animal corpses floating on waterways. The destruction of food supplies has been unprecedented. The United Nations has declared that this natural disaster has been the worst to hit the southern hemisphere within living memory.

Beira, Mozambique’s second city, has been reduced to a ghost city. The city suffered the most impact as a result of the cyclone: houses, hospitals, schools, roads – bodies are being washed ashore from as far away as Zimbabwe! More than 600 people (at the last count!) in Mozambique alone are estimated to have died in the storms in Mozambique, hundreds more are missing and may be presumed dead, farmlands and livestock destroyed, property was shattered and wherever eye could see there was but utter devastation of apocalyptic proportions. People are gathered on rooftops, others on higher ground, and yet more are to be found holding on for dear life on tree tops. Misery and hope, fear and horror are etched on their faces in equal proportions.

Rescue efforts are underway, funerals follow, and grief will strike Mozambique like a pall of death for many years to come. Indeed, life will take many years to get normalized. The nations are in mourning. There are appeals for humanitarian aid and nations are responding to this humanitarian disaster. Proudly, the Minister of International Relations and Cooperation, Ms Lindiwe Sisulu, has undertaken that South Africa will provide all necessary aid and the SANDF is once again on the ground in Mozambique.

Dada, is a peasant farmer in the Chimanimani District of Eastern Zimbabwe, in Manicaland. He was found wandering with hoe in hand, dazed at what he had been through. “My bean crop was ready for harvesting,” he said, “… the maze was close. I am back to zero.” He lost his two prized bulls also that were indispensable for his agricultural activities.

The question is often posed, ‘How come that this happened to them?’ Was it because they were Muslims, or was it that God’s wrath was being visited on the unfaithful? Those among them who were devout Christians could it be that it was because of their sinfulness or that they were neglecting their life of prayer? “No, I tell you;” says Jesus, “but unless you repent, you will perish as they did” (Luke 13:3). From those who stand upright even more is expected.

We have come to the middle of the Lenten period of reflection and fasting and prayer. Those of us who have tried to maintain a discipline of prayer and study, of worship and fasting may well be feeling that “Well done” and that you have satisfied all that is necessary for salvation. You may even observe all about you and wonder how so many who live evil and immoral lives manage to survive untouched by the hand of God in anger. A ‘holier than thou’ attitude can at times be irresistible. Those, by the way, are not ideas and behaviours uncharacteristic of good Christian men and women!

Some of us have been engaged with Bishop Rowan Williams studying his book, BEING DISCIPLES: Essentials of Christian Life. Williams has been guiding us into understanding what it takes to be disciples of Christ, and to understand the substance of being Christians and how that affects the way we live our lives as disciples of Christ: Faith, Hope and Love, Forgiveness, Holiness and Life in the Spirit. This week we delved deeply into the challenge that most of us have about Forgiveness. We discovered that forgiveness for Christian people is a very difficult if not impossible ask. The Crucified Lord prays on the Cross, “Father, forgive them for they know not what they are doing” (Luke 23:34). What is a Christian responsibility when we actually know that the acts undertaken were part of a plot or a plan to suppress, and to deny the humanity of another? We understood that forgiveness is in the nature of being God. Without the quality of being forgiving, God ceases to be God. However, precisely because it is in the nature of God to forgive, as disciples of Christ and those created in the image and likeness of God forgiveness is what we receive by grace and what we give to others in charity.

Following Williams, when we say in the Lord’s Prayer “forgive us our sins as we forgive those who sin against us. We ask that God who sustains in us the sense of our humanity in all its fullness and its richness (to) give to us “those relations with others that will keep us human, aware of our mortality and of our need, yet nourishingly confident that we are loved” (2016:38). We are reminded that in the eucharist not only is it a Feast of Thanksgiving for the acts of salvation, it is also a memorial that we are undeserving, and of our unworthiness. As a memorial the eucharist is the knowledge that by faith that which God has promised is in fact happening, and its fulfillment is in the mystery of the breaking of the bread and the sharing of the chalice.

The same thoughts were not far from the mind of Paul in the Letter to the Corinthians. Indeed, the Christian faithful were inclined to be arrogant, smug, self-righteous and ‘holier-than-thou’. Drawing from the Hebrew Scripture we are told that the ancestors were “baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea.” Yes, it could be certified that the people of Israel “drank from the spiritual rock that followed them, and the rock was Christ (1 Cor 10:4). And so, their credentials were rock solid. They were beyond dispute. In other words they had the assurance of salvation; they had experienced the saving hand of God; they were aware that God was in their midst as a protective cloud against their enemies, and they could hear the voice of God hovering above to guide them to safety across the Red Sea. In all, they celebrated through the ups and downs of the wilderness. They had become the people of God and God had become their God. They were walking tall. The warning then is that God must never be taken for granted. God cannot get captured to satisfy our every whim and fancy. The prophetic word is: “watch out”, lest you too fall.

In St Luke’s Gospel we are reminded of the plight of many in Galilee and Judea who were visited by tragedy. The Galileans had a reputation as rebels and freedom fighters. They were slaughtered by the Roman gendarme just as they were making their sacrifices in the temple in Jerusalem. The inclination by the Judaeans was that they suffered because of their evil ways. When Pilate was building the aqueduct to provide fresh water for Jerusalem, the Tower of Siloam fell on the construction workers killing 18 of them. These examples are cited only for Jesus to exclaim with an emphatic, “No…” for the second time in a few short sentences, “NO, I tell you…” it was not because they were the worst sinners and offenders, or that you who were not struck by misfortune that God condoned your own acts of infidelity and sinfulness. You, too, will perish “just as they did” unless you repent.

To make the point, Jesus then tells a parable of the barren fruit tree, the effect of which is that Jesus Christ, the vinedresser intercedes and gives God’s people a second chance: “If it bears fruit next year, well and good; but if not, you can cut it down” (Luke 13:9). The barren fruit tree here symbolizes the people of Israel who are smug and self-righteous but fail to show forth the fruits of the Spirit. They are unrepentant and as such will be excluded from the fruits of salvation. For that reason, the soil no longer nurtures them as they are unresponsive to the nutrients that the soil makes available to them,

So, if you think you are standing, Watch our that you do not fall.

The only hope of salvation that the people of faith have is not just in their own capacity and strength to stand, for they will surely fall, but to acknowledge that “God is faithful.” It is by the grace of God that we stand; and we stand only for the purposes of God and not our own.

As we draw towards the end of the period of Lent, we do well to ask, ‘Are we standing?’. If we ask that then we should also question what our role is in the disasters that engulf our world. What are we doing to combat hate crimes and promote tolerance of difference: racism, xenophobia, abuse of women and children, hatred of different sexuality at birth and by preferences or inclination. What do we do in our daily lives to promote the values of the kingdom, and to create a world of peace and reconciliation or to create conditions necessary for the flourishing of the human person, rather than the destruction of that which God has created? At times like these faith calls upon us to express human solidarity in practical ways. That is the basis on which the Archbishop of Cape Town has issued a call for assistance to the church in Mozambique that, after all, is part of the Church of the Province of Southern Africa.

The most unforgivable heresy is one that claims favour with God for our evil ways, and that justifies hatred and prejudice as the will of God. What are we doing about climate change? How do we contribute towards the escalation of global warming resulting in unusual weather patterns? Could the Ethiopian Airlines pilots have been better trained and supervised more carefully? We now know that Boeing, the American aircraft manufacturer sold aircraft with key safety features as optional extras. The result is the tragedy that unfolded that morning. It was a case of greedy and aggressive capitalism gone mad. How do we make amends for what has been? Gift of the Givers are already on the ground in Mozambique with humanitarian assistance. The Red Cross worldwide and other agencies like Medicins sans Frontieres are all rallying to provide humanitarian aid.

So if you think you are standing, watch out that you do not fall. 1 Cor 10:12


N Barney Pityana GCOB
Lent 3, 2019
Cathedral Church of St Alban the Martyr
Pretoria, 24 March 2019

‘A humanitarian catastrophe of our times’ – Bishop Carlos Matsinhe reports on Cyclone Idai

A scene in Beira, Sofala Province in Mozambique after Cyclone Idai. (Photo by Josh Estey/CARE)

The coastal city of Beira, which lies in the middle of the devastation and flooding wrought by Cyclone Idai, was cut off from the rest of the Diocese of Lebombo in Mozambique for days after the cyclone hit.

“There was no communication at all and we did not know who from our congregation might have survived the storm,” said the Bishop of Lebombo, the Right Revd Carlos Matsinhe, in a report on the situation sent on March 22.

A few days after the Beira airport reopened, he was able to get a flight there. He found that the Diocese’s new church in Beira had been collapsed by the cyclone. 

Contribute to ACSA’s Disaster Relief Fund – see this link >>

His report continued: “I saw also churches of other denominations that have also been destroyed in town except our little chapel at Munhava, which was, of course, the refuge of many people living around it.

“I visited the Rector, Archdeacon and his family whom I found busy repairing and cleaning their house. I visited five homesteads to meet the church wardens and a few Christians in order to inform them of our prayers and solidarity at this critical moment.”

At a centre hosting 600 displaced people in classrooms, he found shortages of food and water and a lack of hygiene.

He also managed to speak to the governor of Sofala Province, within which the devastated area falls, who appealed for prayers and support.

Of parishes in other areas, Bishop Carlos wrote:

“In the other districts that have been affected we have no information about the safety of our members because these districts remain isolated without any kind of communication.

“We know Fr. Araujo and his family at St. Mary Mutua in Dondo is well but his house and church were partially damaged. We do not know anything about Father Domingos Chipuazo at All Saints of Nhamatanda.

“What we imagine is that since most of our outstation churches are made of local bricks and mud and roofed either with grass or zinc sheets, like the houses of the population they will have been destroyed.

“In Chimoio, one of our concrete church buildings, the Holy Family Church, is one of the accommodation centres. Around this church 58 houses were destroyed and 48 families found accommodation in the church. I hope to provide more data about the stae of our churches and communities as soon as we have them.

Further excerpts from Bishop Carlos’s report:

The general picture is that of a devastated and destroyed city. It is estimated that 95% of the buildings were damaged, with roofs blown out. The roads were blocked by broken or uprooted big trees. One could see piled rubble and scattered roofing tins everywhere and most of the houses I entered were dripping water…

The electricity grid has been pulled down by the cyclone and there is no running water. The population survives either by collected rain water or by water from open sky collection wells which can easily be contaminated. The sewerage system is not secure because the water level is up or above the surface. Human waste is likely to contaminate those sources of water and cause diarrhoea and cholera or other similar diseases that can be deadly at this time of human crisis that region.

The destruction has also taken place in the countryside hit by the cyclone in the provinces of Sofala, Manica and part of Tete.

Up to yesterday there was not sufficient food and medical supplies in town (Beira). Many shops have not opened since after the damage by the cyclone. The shops… that are open are selling food and other necessities that had been in stock before the cyclone. Shopkeepers have started to increase the prices of commodities.

Since the main road connecting Beira to the rest of the country is cut off in four sections over the Pungue River and trucks with emergency and general supplies cannot reach Beira, currently supplies are to being airlifted. Nevertheless much is being done to re-establish connections between the city and the inland area. There are hopes of a ship bringing rice to reach the Beira port any day soon.

A humanitarian catastrophe of our times

As all should know, this Cyclone Idai is rated as the strongest and most devastating climate disaster even seen in the southern hemisphere. This should tell you how dreadful its effects have been. And it will take many years to recover from its long-term impact in human and economic life of the region.

Official records given as per 21st March indicates 242 deaths in the affected region and the State President, speaking during his visit to Beira, said that the toll may reach 1000 or more as the number increases day after day with more people found as rescue operations reach new places.

The number of those affected needing immediate emergency assistance in the whole of Sofala and Manica provinces is 180.000 as per March 21. Following the city of Beira, other districts such as Dondo, Buzi, Nhamatanda, Gorongoza, Marromeu, Caia, Chemba, Machanga and Chibavava are also affected by the overflowing of rivers in those areas and it is feared that more people might die if the dams are opened since they are receiving a lot of water from the rainfall in neighbouring countries such as Zimbabwe and Malawi.

Six South African helicopters are assisting in rescuing the people of Buzi found on trees, rooftops and other higher places. No one has a count of who has already died in districts under water.

Rescuers bring new stories of how terrible and bleak the situation is. Television images show that we stand in front of a far-reaching human crisis.

Last minute news indicates the Beira Hospital has been closed because of the state of destruction and the lack of basic conditions. Tents from which to run health services are to be built around the hospital – this tells you how terrible the conditions are and may be.

[Adding to the crisis] the Province of Zambezia (which is part of the Diocese of Niassa for Anglicans) has been under floods along the rivers even before the Beira cyclone.

This cyclone has equally affected Zimbabwe and Malawi badly where many people were also killed (so far 139 for Zimbabwe and 56 for Malawi).

Post- Emergency Plan

From contacts with other institutions and NGOs, I am convinced that in a few days there will be enough food supply for the emergency, although we do not know how long the emergency will last. Internal solidarity is growing as is the international one. But more than supplies is the need for service capacity. I have noted in Beira that the health sector has pulled together health workers from different provinces to come and help. Also a number of national and international NGOs are building joint efforts to respond to the crisis.

At this point it is important to think and plan for the post- emergency phase.

Our Response as Anglicans

  1. Join efforts with other institutions for a stronger response
  2. Local Anglicans are collecting food aid from individual church members (the first lot was shipped today comprising 1,3 tons of rice, 1,07 tons of maize meal, sugar, soap and clothes)
  3. Donate funds to rebuild destroyed church buildings as these are central to community life
  4. Donate funds to provide school materials, uniforms, shoes and blankets for affected school children
  5. Provide basic domestic utensils for affected families
  6. Donate funds to rebuild destroyed classrooms
  7. Donate funds to treat or provide clean water for affected communities
  8. Donate funds for health protection (mosquito nets, repellents), apply preventive measures.
  9. Donate funds rebuild rural health units destroyed
  10. Donate funds for tools and seeds for food production
  11. Donate funds for reposition of livestock.

To help our Mozambican sisters and brothers, donate generously to ACSA’s Disaster Relief Fund, details of which can be found at this link>>

Bishops sign Charter for a Safe and Inclusive Church

Archbishop Thabo Makgoba led the Synod of Bishops in signing the Charter.

The Anglican bishops of Southern Africa have signed a charter committing themselves to a range of steps to protect people from abuse in the church.

Bishops attending the February session of the Synod of Bishops all signed the charter after a workshop arranged by the Church’s newly-established Safe and Inclusive Ministry group.

Safe and Inclusive Ministry has two Provincial Safe Church Officers and each Diocese has its own ministry team.

Amendments to the church’s Canons will be proposed to Provincial Synod in September this year after deliberations by the Safe and Inclusive Ministry and the Canon Law Council.

The charter, presented by Rosalie Manning of Safe and Inclusive Ministry, and also a member of the Canon Law Council, reads as follows:



We, the Anglican Church of Southern Africa are people of God. Recognising that all people embody the spirit of God that needs to be nurtured and brought into the fullness of life. We recognise and acknowledge that our places of worship and learning have for many caused untold pain, hurt and harm, and have left individuals and families deeply scarred.

We therefore commit ourselves to a Programme of Action based on this Charter to promote a culture of safety and inclusion amongst all our people, organizations, institutions and places of worship. And through ongoing education and training to equip all who minister to prevent the occurrence of abuse and create spaces where justice and restoration can take place. And we accept this work of creating as safe and inclusive church as part of our sacred vocation as God’s people in the world.


Culture of safety and inclusivity

We recognize that a culture of safety and inclusivity needs to be grounded in our theological understanding of who we are as people of God. This understanding informs not only our approach to “being in the world, but not of the world” but also must be manifested in how we “do” Church. We therefore commit ourselves to being a people called to manifest the saving and unconditional love of God. We will promote a culture of safety and inclusion in parishes, church organizations and institutions by theological education and ongoing training to help all ministers prevent the occurrence of abuse. In addition, we commit to boldly confronting the systemic factors which create the context of abuse.

Effective Response to Abuse

We recognize that prevention is better than cure. As such we commit ourselves to taking the necessary steps to create a culture of safety and inclusion. Were abuse does occur we will implement policies and procedures we have to respond properly to allegations of abuse against all ministers within the church as defined by Act XV including but not limited to:

  • Making known within churches the procedure for making complaints;
  • Arranging pastoral care for any person making a complaint of abuse;
  • The impartial determination of allegations of abuse against a minister of the church, and assessment of their suitability for future ministry;
  • Providing support for affected parishes, organizations and institutions;

In addition, we recognize that a timeous response is of utmost importance and commit to creating processes and structures to ensure this.

Pastoral Support where there is Abuse

We will provide pastoral support for the abused and abuser; their families, affected parishes, organizations and institutions by:

  • Listening with patience and compassion to their experiences and concerns;
  • Offering spiritual assistance and other forms of pastoral care;
  • Providing practical support as those affected go on the journey of healing.

Practice of Pastoral Ministry

We remain committed to the implementation of Act XV, and promote by education and training these standards. This includes ongoing professional development of all ministers of the church as well as a commitment to their continued spiritual growth.

Suitability for Ministry

We will have and implement policies and procedures to assess the suitability of persons for ordination as clergy or appointment to positions of responsibility in the church including:

  • Practice of background checks;
  • Ongoing checks prior to each licensing appointment

Seeing More Clearly – Pastoral Letter from the Synod of Bishops

Seeing More Clearly

Pastoral Letter from the Synod of Bishops

Anglican Church of Southern Africa (ACSA)

Download PDF here >>

21st February 2019

Dear People of God,

We greet you in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.

As Bishops of the Anglican Church of Southern Africa (ACSA), we met in Synod in Benoni from Monday 18th to Thursday 21st February. ACSA includes the countries of Mozambique, Angola, Namibia, St Helena, Swaziland, Lesotho and South Africa. We welcomed Bishop Dale Bowers, the new Bishop of St Helena, into our fellowship. We rejoiced that Eddie Daniels will be consecrated Bishop of Port Elizabeth on Saturday 23rd February. We were joined by the Vicars General of the Dioceses of Mzimvubu and Zululand. We said farewell to Bishops Martin Breytenbach (St Mark the Evangelist in Limpopo) and Garth Counsell (Table Bay), who will retire before our next meeting – and gave thanks for their ministries among us.

We welcomed Presiding Bishop Michael Curry and his team from The Episcopal Church (TEC) for two of our morning sessions. He shared with us the journey of TEC in the areas of marriage and human sexuality; and Safe Church – issues which we worked on during Synod of Bishops.

As always, our meeting took place within a rhythm of prayer, worship and fellowship. During our time together we shared at a personal level and wrestled with issues facing the church, local communities and our various countries.

In our readings from Mark 8 Jesus encountered various kinds of blindness. The religious leaders were not willing to see spiritually and demanded a sign even when Jesus had been working miracles among them (Mark 8:11). Jesus’ disciples failed to understand what he was doing. He said to them, “Do you still not perceive or understand? Are your hearts hardened? Do you have eyes, and fail to see? Do you have ears, and fail to hear?” (Mark 8:17-18). A blind man came to Jesus for healing. Jesus said him, “Can you see anything?” (Mark 8:23). At first he could not see clearly, but as Jesus prayed for him again his sight was fully restored.

Similarly we found that, as we looked carefully and deeply into a number of difficult issues, God began to open our eyes so that we could see and understand better. May God continue to do that work in us, and use us to lead the church into clearer vision on these things.

Human Sexuality

We received a report from the Archbishop’s Commission on Human Sexuality. The main goal of the Commission at this stage is to bring revised Pastoral Guidelines to Provincial Synod in September this year. As part of this process, the Commission will continue to conduct regional consultations in various parts of Southern Africa. Dioceses, parishes and organisations have been asked to hold workshops based on case studies and using questions that have been prepared and sent to the Diocesan Reference Teams. Feedback should be sent to the Commission by the end of June: .

In all of this we were challenged by the call to learn to live with our differences, and even to live with contradiction. We realised that it will be a long term process in which we listen to God and one another. We have made mistakes in the past and will make mistakes in the future, but we are determined to journey together in the love of God and mutual respect. We are committed to finding and upholding the values of Jesus in marriage and relationships.

Safe Church Ministry

We spent a day workshopping how the church can best respond to abuse in all its forms and overcome it, so that all people can experience the Church as a safe and inclusive space. This is a process taking place throughout the Anglican Communion. Through several case studies and discussions, we considered:

  • The Charter for the safety of people within the churches of the Anglican Communion
  • The theological Principles that need to undergird our responses
  • The Process of dealing with complaints and allegations, including forms that can be used to report them and sent to:
  • The Structures that we need to put in place, such as changes to the Canons of the Church, response teams in every Diocese, and a central register to keep records.

Each Diocese is expected to set up a multi-disciplinary Safe Church Ministry Team. Training of these teams will take place later in the year, and changes to the Canons will be proposed at Provincial Synod in September. Each of the Bishops made a commitment to the Safe Church process in ACSA.

Throughout the workshop it became clear to us that a culture of secrecy about abuse is “demonic” and leads to darkness. Perhaps it comes from a fear of telling the truth, yet it is the truth that sets us free (John 8:32) and leads us into the light. We need to approach these things with deep humility, aware of our own failures, keeping the difficult balance between pastoral care for all involved and legal processes that may be required.

Resignation of the Bishop of Zululand

The Bishops considered carefully our response to the resignation of Bishop Monument Makhanya of Zululand after allegations of sexual misconduct were received. We supported the Archbishop’s acceptance of his resignation and have commented on this more fully in a Pastoral Letter addressed to the people of the Diocese of Zululand  [DOWNLOAD USING LINK] Parallel processes are being set up to care pastorally for all involved, and to institute the required Canonical steps to investigate the allegations.

Diocese of Angola

The Synod of Bishops agreed that, after a long journey, the Missionary Diocese of Angola should be granted the status of a full Diocese, with Bishop André Soares as its first Diocesan Bishop. This is an immense achievement and a source of great rejoicing as we recognise how the Anglican Church in Angola has grown. We are looking forward to the inauguration of the new Diocese and to the installation of the first Bishop of the fully-fledged Diocese after Provincial Synod in September.

Missionary Diocese of Nampula

Following the decisions of Synod of Bishops and Provincial Standing Committee last September, the inauguration of the new Missionary Diocese of Nampula – formerly part of Niassa in northern Mozambique – will be celebrated on Saturday 16th March. Former Regional Suffragan Bishop Manuel Ernesto will be installed as the first Bishop of this Missionary Diocese.

College of the Transfiguration

We rejoiced at the news that the College of the Transfiguration (COTT) has a full complement of 61 students this year, and gave thanks for generous donations that have made it possible for several poorer, women students to attend. Nevertheless it remains a challenge to support our only residential Theological College – and we appeal for your prayers and generosity. A COTT Foundation has been established to raise much needed funds.

We also received a preliminary report from the Commission into Theological Education, and look forward to their recommendations at Provincial Synod. We spent some time responding to the report of the Advisory Board on Theological Education by sharing our Diocesan processes to identify, train and nurture those whom God is calling into the ordained ministry. This included a report on progress at St Christopher’s College in Maputo. We found that we can all learn from one another, but were encouraged by how similar our approaches are.

Canon Law Council

Synod of Bishops spent time receiving a report from the Canon Law Council about proposed changes to the Canons at Provincial Synod. Among the more far reaching proposals are:

  • Major changes to Canon 4 on the Election of Bishops;
  • Changes to Canon 18 on factors to be taken into account when considering those who are nominated for election as Bishop;
  • An amendment to Canon 21 to address the situation where a Diocese falls behind in its assessment to the Common Provincial Fund or Provincial Pension Fund;
  • Changes to Canon 26, to clarify the role, deployment and licensing of Self-Supporting clergy;
  • An amendment to Canon 34 to clarify the requirements for the marriage of clergy who have been divorced;
  • To rearrange the layout and presentation of the Canons so that they are easier to follow and use.

Please pray for Provincial Synod as they prepare to debate and decide on changes to the Constitution and Canons of ACSA.

Other Important Issues

There is never enough time to address everything in depth, but we also had other useful discussions:

  • We agreed to a policy for the use of social media;
  • We heard about the need for deep work to be done to establish racial justice – not only in Southern Africa, but throughout the world;
  • We received an update on the state of the Provincial Pension Fund – and were reminded that it is critical for Dioceses to keep up with their contributions;
  • We had a very helpful talk and discussion on stress, trauma and self-care.

In our final reading from Mark 8:27-33, Jesus challenged his disciples, “Who do you say that I am?”. When Peter confessed, “You are the Messiah” Jesus “began to teach them that the Son of Man must undergo great suffering, and be rejected by the elders, the chief priests, and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again.” Peter and the other disciples found this hard to accept – but Jesus insisted that the cross was the only way.

In the same way we would have preferred to avoid facing up to the difficult issues before us, especially since they often expose our own failings and weaknesses. But by the power of the Holy Spirit we did our best to address them honestly and in love. We believe that we have come to see many things more clearly during this time.

We commend our reflections and work to you and ask you to continue to pray for us in our leadership role. In the name of God we implore you to open your hearts, minds, ears and eyes to what God is doing and saying in the church and world today. Thank you for your partnership in the gospel. We love you in Jesus Christ our Lord and Saviour.

1 Web Site Reference

Bishops send Pastoral Letter to Diocese of Zululand

The February meeting of the Church’s Synod of Bishops has issued a Pastoral Letter to the Diocese of Zululand, outlining the steps to be taken after the recent resignation of the Bishop of Zululand, the Right Revd Monument Makhanya.

In the letter, the Bishops said they had accepted the Bishop’s resignation, welcomed the Archbishop’s appointment of two Vicars-General, and outlined the pastoral and legal processes which will now be followed. Read and download the full text of the letter >>

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